Negara Keren, Helikopter Serangnya Gunakan Apache

Helikopter Apache melepaskan flare untuk mengecoh rudal (photo : wall-pix)

Arizona – Boeing dan pemerintah AS baru-baru ini menandatangani lima tahun kontrak senilai 3,4 miliar USD untuk akusisi helikopter serang Apache bagi Angkatan Darat AS, dan pelanggan di luar AS.

Ini adalah perjanjian multi-tahun pertama untuk Apache varian “E”. Tentara AS akan menerima 244 helikopter Apache yang dimanufaktur ulang, sedangkan sebanyak 24 helikopter baru akan diberikan kepada pelanggan internasional.

“Perjanjian ini adalah berita bagus bagi tentara kita, para pembayar pajak Amerika, mitra industri kami dan berbagai mitra internasional,” kata Kolonel US Army Joseph Hoecherl, manajer proyek Apache.

“Ini merupakan buah dari dedikasi profesional dan usaha yang giat dari pemerintah dan rekan-rekan tim industri untuk memberikan kemampuan yang sangat dibutuhkan bagi helikopter serang terbaik di dunia – AH-64E Apache -. harga yang fair dan terjangkau. Teknologi Apache dan kemampuan yang dihasilkan, sangat penting untuk operasi Angkatan Darat di seluruh dunia.”

Boeing membangun Apache di Mesa, Arizona. Pengiriman dari varian “E” dimulai pada Oktober 2011. Tujuh pelanggan di luar AS telah memesan varian ini. AS dan 15 negara lain telah mengandalkan pada Apache selama tiga dekade terakhir.

“Helikopter Apache telah membuat dampak yang luar biasa dalam pertahanan negara yang telah terbang selama 37 tahun terakhir,” kata Kim Smith, wakil presiden helikopter serang Boeing dan manajer program. “Tim kami memahami tanggung jawab kita untuk memberikan pesawat terbaik pada waktu dengan harga yang terjangkau dan kami berkomitmen untuk mempertahankan tradisi keunggulan ini.”

Indonesia merupakan salah satu negara yang juga memesan helikopter Apache E Guardian dan akan masuk ke dalam Klub negara pengguna helikopter serang Apache.


  1. The AH-64D Apache standard became the latest and most potent form of the Apache lineage and consisted of modified AH-64A production models. The type began deliveries in 1997 and has since come under two distinct forms known as the “AH-64D Apache” and the “AH-64D Apache Longbow”. Both were fitted with a pair of General Electric T700-701C series turboshaft engines and the first AH-64D Apache Longbow unit was formed in November of 1998 followed by the first overseas AH-64D Apache Longbow unit established in October of 2001. The differentiating feature between these two forms became the Apache Longbow’s installation of the mast-mounted AN/APG-78 “Longbow” millimeter radio-wave based Fire Control Radar (FCR) system that improved target tracking and engagement concerning the HELLFIRE missile – allowing combat in all-weather environments, through heavy smoke and in low-light conditions. The system allowed the Apache crew to spot targets (stationary or in transit) while remaining concealed behind tree lines and buildings, “popping up” only to engage. The system could detect up to 1,024 individual targets, prioritize 128 of the most potentially dangerous to the aircraft and assess the top 16 threats accordingly for the crew – all this within just 60 seconds. The system worked in conjunction with an onboard database of known enemy elements so target recognition was streamlined to a high degree. The system then related pertinent information to the cockpit panels for both pilot and gunner to assess.Β The mast-mounted FCR is fitted to the extreme top of the rotor mast which enables it to look over the Apache airframe itself while providing for a commanding view of the terrain around the aircraft without exposing the aircraft to unseen dangers. A shared data stream between Longbows means that any formation helicopter can engage an identified target being tracked by a primary Longbow. Many battlefield issues and onboard functions of the Longbow are also presented to the crew in real-time. It is only when the “Longbow” FCR installation is fitted to the AH-64D that this Apache becomes known as the “Apache Longbow” – also becoming one of the most feared attack helicopters in the world. Additional improvements have since resulted in components being added aircraft, requiring the side fuselage fairings to be increased slightly. AH-64D customers have become Egypt, Greece, Israel, Japan, Kuwait, Netherlands, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, United Arab Emirates and the United Kingdom. The Netherlands became the first foreign operator of the AH-64D Apache model.The AH-64D “Block III” upgrade (to be fielded in the latter part of 2011 into 2012) will field a pair of General Electric T700-701D engines of 2,000 shaft horsepower powering a new composite main rotor blade which will improve overall performance. VNsight low-level TV will improved low-level vision at night for the crew. Landing gear legs have been further revised and reinforced for improved operational ruggedness and emergency landings. Additionally, data sharing between systems has been streamlined for the better and UAV control from within the Apache cockpit has been introduced.

    Apache Survivability
    Steps were taken early on to improve crew survivability and protect key onboard systems considering the inherent nature of Apache missions. The cockpit was protected against ground fire from up to 23mm caliber projectiles and the engines were purposely mounted high and apart from one another along the fuselage sides (as they were in the Republic A-10 Thunderbolt II Close-Air Support aircraft). Double- and triple-redundant flight systems were utilized to protect the crew from falling to a single direct hit that would have otherwise crippled any other helicopter platform. Anti-missile protection was handled by a small chaff/flare box installation fitting along the portside of the tail boom near the vertical tail fin. Warnings to the aircraft of impending ground or aerial threats were sent to the crew via both visual and audio cues allowing for instant recognition. To confront power cables prevalent at low altitudes, the Apache was completed with razor-sharp wire cutters fitted ahead of the gun mount, on each main landing gear leg and atop the pilot’s cockpit to “slice” its way through urban environments. In the event of a crash or rough field landing, the crew could take some comfort in knowing that each main landing gear leg was stressed for high impact levels. Additionally, if one crewmember became incapacitated during a mission, redundant cockpit controls meant that the remaining crewmember could take over piloting functions as needed.
    .The Helmet-Mounted Display
    The heart and soul of the Apache’s lethality is its Integrated Helmet and Display Sighting System (IHADSS) helmet-mounted displays afforded to both gunner and pilot positions. Each operator can connect directly into the M203 Chain Gun and aim at targets by a simple turn of the head. What the helmet display sees can also be recorded (up to 72 minutes of footage) to an in-flight recording suite for playback in after-mission debriefings. Night operations are conducted with night vision equipment integrated through a Forward-Looking InfaRed (FLIR) system. The night vision component is fitted to the pivoting nose installation with the pilot’s component mounted along the top of the installation and the gunner’s component along the bottom. The television camera is also fitted in the nose.Apache Armament – the Hughes M230 Chain GunStandard armament for the Apache line consists of the underside-mounted Hughes 30mm M230E1 Chain Gun. The M230 series is a devastating automatic weapon, particularly when fielded against light armored vehicles and concentrations of enemy troops at close ranges. Up to 1,200 rounds of 30mm high-explosive, dual-purpose projectiles can be carried aloft. The M230 can be “slaved” to each crewmember’s helmet display or left to be aimed by the onboard Target Acquisition and Designation System (TADS). Alternatively, it can also be stowed in a fixed-forward position during travel, transportation or landing. Manual control of the M230 is also offered. The firing operation of the M230 is handled by an electric motor which manages the “chain” of ammunition – essentially a belt feed from the magazine store to the firing chamber. Spent 30mm cartridges are jettisoned automatically away from the gun system and aircraft. The gun mount itself is rotated and elevated by computer-controlled hydraulics. The M230 is rated at 600 to 650 rounds per minute.The Apache also makes use of four underwing hardpoints (two hardpoints to a stub wing) for which to carry all manner of external stores to include missiles, rocket pods and external fuel for extended ranges. Its wingstubs are designed to automatically adjust their relative forward angle for when the helicopter is in flight or resting, allowing for proper attack/launch angles and access by munitions personnel when on the ground.

    The AGM-114 HELLFIRE Missile
    The primary weapons system common to the Apache family line is the Lockheed Martin AGM-114 HELLFIRE fire-and-forget missile – a proven tank-killer that has found more general use in today’s world. The name of “Hellfire” stems from the collective wording of “HELicopter-Launched FIRE-and-forget” (note capital letters). The HELLFIRE is also utilized by the armed Predator series of unmanned drones to target key terrorist operatives. Each HELLFIRE weighs in at just over 100lbs and features a running length of 64 inches with a 7-inch diameter. The HELLFIRE comes in two distinct “flavors” meant to tackle different targets of opportunity – High-Explosive Anti Tank (HEAT) and Metal Augmented Charge (MAC). The HEAT warhead is 20lbs and rated for use against heavily armored targets such as main battle tanks while the MAC warhead is 18lbs and shaped-charge in nature, useful for when blast fragmentation is the call of the day. The Apache can mount up to 16 HELLFIRE missiles across its four stub wing hardpoints, each conveniently paired in 4 x rail launchers.In their original form, HELLFIREs relied on a laser seeker warhead that would have the missile follow a laser beam to a given target meaning that line-of-sight (LOS) to the target was imperative. Of course this opened the missile to losing its target if traveling through cloud coverage or line-of-sight was broken at some point, the laser beam being “dropped” as a result, leaving the HELLFIRE as a weapon without a master. The improved HELLFIRE II was designed around a radar seeking system that utilized radio waves to bypass interference from clouds, simply having the missile follow the target information reading given off by the Apache’s radar system. This provided the later Apache Longbow with a helpful “pop and shoot” capability.

    Rocket Pods
    The secondary weapon system commonly associated with attack helicopters is the rocket pod. These cylindrical assemblies are the launch tubes for multi-purpose unguided rockets that can be used against soft targets and enemy concentrations. The Apache makes use of the “Hydra 70” series Folding-Fin Aerial Rocket (FFAR) available in 19-shot pods. Each rocket is 70mm in caliber (2.75 inches), weighs 13.6lbs and feature spring-loaded stabilizing fins that open upon clearing the launcher. There are also a variety of warhead types to suit mission needs including High-Explosive, White Phosphorus, Red Phosphorus, High-Explosive Anti Tank (HEAT), Flechette, illumination, smoke and practice rounds. As these systems are unguided in their nature, the Apache gunner simply aims the helicopter in the direction of the target area. FFAR have ranges out to 11,500 yards but are deemed more effective within 9,000 yards. Such rockets have been a staple of US Army helicopters since the Vietnam War proved their worth on gunships.Apache Air-to-Air WeaponryIt was only later in its life cycle that the thought was given to arm Apaches with air defense weaponry in the form of missiles. The US Army trialled both the AIM-9 Sidewinder short-ranged air-to-air missile and the newer AIM-92 Stinger short-ranged missile system to which the Stinger family earned the upper hand. The Apache can fit such launchers (in an ATAS twin-missile launching setup) at the tips of its wingstubs and add a certain amount of point defense against marauding aerial enemy threats – including enemy helicopters and low-flying fixed-wing aircraft. The European “Starstreak” air-to-air missile may feature into the mix in the near future.Anti-Radiation EvaluationThe AGM-122 Sidearm, an anti-radiation missile system was trialled in the 1980s but not formally accepted as standard Apache ordnance. The Sidearm would have been used by Apache teams to destroy enemy ground-based radar installations, effectively blinding enemy forces. Each Apache could be fitted with four such missiles and would have lead the way for other attack-minded Apache helicopters in a massed combined assault.

    Common Apache Armament Loadouts
    As mission type dictates munition loadouts, the Apache features a preset showcase of armament loadouts that coincide with mission requirements. For the base anti-armor role, she would be fielded with 8 x AGM-114 HELLFIRE missiles each capped with anti-tank warheads. There would also be 320 rounds of 30mm ammunition for the M230 Chain Gun. The lighter weapons load would ensure a rate-of-climb in the vicinity of 1,450 feet per minute and a mission duration time nearing 2 hours – allowing the Apache to stay aloft longer and react quickly to incoming enemy threats.For the multi-role “covering force” sortie, the Apache would field a mix of 8 x AGM-114 HELLFIRE missiles and up to 38 x FFAR rockets in 2 19-shot pods. This would ensure that the Apache crew could deal with all manner threats that the ground elements might encounter. The M230 would be fitted with its full complement of 1,200 rounds of 30mm ammunition. The full loadout, of course, would dictate a lower rate-of-climb. Mission time for this loadout would, however, be increased to 2.5 hours.For when ground elements might encounter armored threats, the Apache would be sent aloft with a full complement of 16 x AGM-114 HELLFIRE anti-tank missiles. Its M230 Chain Gun would sport a full load of 1,200 rounds of 30mm ammunition. During ground support sorties calling the Apache to escort forces, the system would be armed with 4 x 19-shot FFAR launchers for a grand total of 76 unguided rockets.

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  3. Banyak yg komen tapi sekedar komen kta cintia siduta rudal, semua komen maunya ada kesimpulanny, kesimpulanny apache terlalu mahal untuk menjaga daerah yg kecil mending su 35 1 skuadron tempatkan di malang terus f15 silint eagle 2 skuad tempatkan di medan dan papua , ada nyelonong libas ,